Auguste Racinet. The Costume History Hardcover – Illustrated, November 4, 2015
by Françoise Tétart-Vittu (Author)

Racinet's Costume History is an invaluable reference for students, designers, artists, illustrators, and historians; and a rich source of inspiration for anyone with an interest in clothing and style.

Feminine costumes from 1794 – 1800. Directory to Empire.

Directoire, directory, empirw, coatumes, fashion, clothes, timeline
Feminine costumes from 1794 – 1800.


Feminine costumes from 1794 – 1800.

The figures are all taken from fashion journals whose year is marked by the number indicated under each figure. The period includes the last period of the convent, the rule of the board of directors and the beginning of the consulate.

While the traditional costumes from 1794, especially in their stiff waists, still follow the fashion of the rococo period, the approach to antiquity or traditional costumes considered antique began to penetrate as early as 1796. The waists became more and more shorter and the neckline deeper and deeper, until a fashion emerged that got its name from the first French empire.

The preference for matt, broken colours (pink, yellow, light blue, grey and light violet) is characteristic. The figure from the year 1799 (with the light blue half dress) also shows in the hairstyle and the hair plaster the desire to imitate Greek fashion.

Source: History of the costume in chronological development by Auguste Racinet. Edited by Adolf Rosenberg. Berlin 1888.


Note:  Bourgeois costumes in France at the time of the Revolution, 1794.

Support and Seduction: The History of Corsets and Bras (Abradale Books) by Beatrice Fontanel.

Thoughout the ages, women's breasts have been subjected to the endless whims of fashion.

From the ancient Greeks to Mae West and Madonna, this light-hearted book charts the changing shapes of female beauty. The elegant and amusing images - including fashion drawings, paintings, photographs, and film stills - illustrate the often surprising history of the garments women have worn for support - and seduction.

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Couture: then and now Clothes define people. A person's clothing, whether it's a sari, kimono, or business suit, is an essential key to his or her culture, class, personality, or even religion. The Kyoto Costume Institute recognizes the importance of understanding clothing sociologically, historically, and artistically.