Armed infantry warrior in brigandine. France 10th century.

Brigandine. French infantry warrior. Middle ages soldier. 10th century military.

French warrior in brigandine.

Armed infantry warrior in brigandine. France 10th century.

Guerrier arme de la Brigantine. X° Siècle.

The brigandine offered good protection against arrows and was cheaper than the hauberk or breastplate of iron. Mainly carried by infantrymen, archers and crossbow, it was used until the sixteenth century.

BRIGANDINE, BRIGANTAYLE, BRIGANDYRON.

Body armour composed of iron rings or small thin iron plates, sewed upon canvas, linen, or leather, and covered over with similar materials, deriving its name from troops called brigans, an irregular sort of infantry of the thirteenth century, by whom they were first worn. When covered with white linen, cloth, or fustian, they were called “miller’s coats”; but persons of condition had them covered with silk velvet and cloth of gold. Archers and cross-bowmen are generally represented in these quilted coats or jackets. (Specimens are to be seen in the Tower and other collections.) “Lequel l’Estourmey vestit icelles brigandines …. en disant que cestoit une belle jaquette.” (Lit. Remiss. A.D. I456). Meyrick describes the one in his collection “as composed of a great number of rudely-shaped pieces of flat iron, quilted between two pieces of canvas, the exterior being of a sky blue colour, and the small cords which perform this operation are seen in straight and diagonal lines knotted together at their intersections outside.” Skelton has engraved a portion of it, showing the holes in the edge for lacing it down the front.
Grose observes that it is frequently confounded with the JACK, and sometimes with the HABERGEON; but see those words, and also JAZERANT. In Brander’s MS. (‘Inventory of Armour in the Royal Arsenals,’ 1546), were mentioned a variety of brigandines, some styled “complete,” having sleeves covered with crimson, or cloth of gold, others with blue satin, and some with long taces or skirts. “Of armis and of brigantayle, Stood nothing thanne upon batayle.” Gower MS., Soc. Arch.

Source: A cyclopedia of costume, or, dictionary of dress, including notices of contemporaneous fashions on the continent; a general chronological history of the costumes of the principal countries of Europe, from the commencement of the Christian era to the accession of George the Third, by Planch, James Robinson, 1796-1880″

Picture from the book: Histoire de l’Armée et de tous les régiments depuis les premiers temps de la Monarchie jusqu’à nos jours par M. Adrien Pascal. Paris, Dutertre, Libraire -Editeur 1861.
Illustré par M. Philippoteaux, E. Charpentier, H. Bellangé, de Moraine, Morel-Fatio, Sorieul, etc.

Adrien Pascal (1815-1863) was a French military historian. He was the head of department of advertising at the Imperial Commission of the Universal Exhibition of 1855.

Related:




Palace Guard, Infantry Officer 1680.
French Officer of the Palace Guard, Infantry Officer in the reign of King Louis XIV. (1643-1715).... Read more
1680 • 17th Century • France • French Ancien Régime fashion • Hairstyle • Headdresses • Military
Allonge wig • Baroque era • French military uniforms • Münchener Bilderbogen
French Army Swiss Guard, French Guard, Grenadier in 1790.
French army of 1790. Swiss Guard, French Guard, Grenadier. Armee Francaise de 1790. Garde Suisse,... Read more
1790 • 18th Century • France • Military
French military uniforms
Emperor Charles V ruler of the Holy Roman Empire.
Emperor Charles V ruler of the Holy Roman Empire in Nijmegen on 9th February 1546. 170. Lieven G... Read more
1546 • 16th Century • Military • Netherlands • Nobility • Renaissance
Renaissance fashion era
Armed Burgundian knights in armor in 1470.
Dutch citizens and Burgundy fashion end of the 15th Century. Top row left: Dutch citizens costume... Read more
1480 • 15th Century • Burgundian dress • Middle Ages • Military • Netherlands • Nobility
Burgundian fashion period • Gothic costumes • Münchener Bilderbogen
Chinese soldier costume, 1843.
Chinese soldier costume. Soldat Chinois, 1843.  Gallery: Asian costumes by Auguste Wahlen. Mann... Read more
1843 • 19th Century • Asia • China • Military
Auguste Wahlen • Chinese Military Costume
Sub-officer costume of Cipahys. Hindustan 19th century.
Sub-officer costume of Cipahys. Hindustan 19th century. Sous-officer de Cipahys. Indoustan. Gall... Read more
1843 • 19th Century • Asia • India • Military
Auguste Wahlen • India military uniforms
Italian Captain 1490. Renaissance Soldier in Armor
Italian Captain 1490. Renaissance Soldier in Armor. 15th century costume. Sheets for costume des... Read more
1490 • 15th Century • Burgundian dress • Italy • Middle Ages • Military • Renaissance
Burgundian fashion period • Lipperheide • Renaissance male clothing
John la Valette. Military Order of Malta.
John la Valette Fra 'Jean de la Valette, Jean Parisot de La Valette, (1494 - 1568) was from 155... Read more
1560 • 16th Century • Ecclesiastical • Middle Ages • Military • Nobility • Renaissance
Crusaders • Knighthood • Medieval costume • Portrait • Renaissance fashion era
German and Austrian military uniforms in the 18th century.
German and Austrian military uniforms in the 18th century. Top row left: Württemberg military ar... Read more
1724 • 1730 • 1738 • 18th Century • Austria • Germany • Military
Austrian military uniforms • German Military Costume • Münchener Bilderbogen • Uniforms

Related to:
Byzantine, Medieval, Gothic, Burgundian, Renaisance fashion history

Leave a Reply