Assassination scene of King Louis XV at January 5, 1757.
by Robert-François Damiens.
As at January 5, 1757 King Louis XIV. ascended to his car, Robert-François Damiens (1715-1757) rushed up to him and stabbed with a knife on him, which he only inflicted him a slight wound. The king ordered that one should guard Damien and not kill. Damiens not try to escape and was immediately overwhelmed. He was imprisoned at the Conciergerie and kept strapped after a failed suicide attempt.
He is one of the last convicts were executed with the traditional cruel punishment for Kingslayer (quartering). Giacomo Casanova was in the audience of the execution and goes in his memoirs “Histoire de ma vie” short on them. Executive headsman was Nicolas-Charles-Gabriel Sanson, assisted by his nephew Charles-Henri Sanson, whose first execution this was. He was tortured with red-hot pincers. Liquid wax, pitch, lead, sulfur and boiling oil was poured in its deep wounds. Six horses were needed to execute him, which was achieved only after severing the arm and leg tendons by Sanson. It was one of the cruelest executions of the modern era and the last of its kind in France – complicated by the fact that they were no murder, but rather it was an attempt by the killing. As a result, various conspiracy theories were spreading, behind Damiens’ deed stuck in truth a conspiracy of the Jesuits. These rumors contributed to the fact that the Order was banned in France in 1764.
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Late baroque, Rococo era.
Louis XIV. , Louis XV. , Louis XVI., Baroque, Rococo, Directoire, French Revolution, Regency, Empire, Restoration or Romanticism fashion era. German Biedermeier.
- The French Fashion History.
- Reign of Charles IX. 1560 to 1574. (Tudor, Renaissance, Spanish court dress)
- Reign of Henri III. 1574 to 1589. (Renaissance, early Baroque, Spanish court dress, Tudor)
- Reigns of Henri IV. and Louis XIII. 1589 to 1643. (Baroque)
- Reign of Louis XIV. 1643 to 1715. (Baroque)
- The Reign of Louis XV. 1715 to 1774.
- Reign of Louis XVI. 1780 to 1789.
- The French Republic 1789 to 1802.
- Timeline of the French Revolution 1789 – 1799.
- Les Modes sous la revolution 1792-1799 by Paul Louis Victor de Giafferri.
- Reign of Napoleon I. 1804 to 1814. France empire.
- Reigns of Louis XVIII. and Charles X. 1815 to 1830. Restoration, Romanticism
- Fashion in the Reign of Philippe. 1830 to 1848. Victorian era. Romanticism fashion.
- The Second Republic. 1848 -1851. Victorian era. “Second Rococo”.
- The use of the Corset in the reign of Louis XVI.
- Ladies hat styles from 1776-1790 by Rose Bertin.
- Fashion under the French revolution 1789 to 1802.
- Paris fashion 1793 to 1795. French revolution.
- The Execution of the King Louis XVI.
- The Execution of Marie-Antoinette.
- The Incroyables and Muscadins. The French directory dandies.
- Les Incroyables et Merveilleuses. Directoire fashion by Horace Vernet.
- Nymphs and Merveilleuses. By Octave Uzanne.
- Fashion in Paris after the Revolution. By Octave Uzanne. 1796-1800.
- Portraits by people during the French Revolution
- The Gallery of Fashion. by Nikolaus von Heideloff, London.
- Comparison of the French and English modes. 1808 to 1815
- The Salon of Madame Récamier during the French Revolution.
- The Salons of Paris before the French Revolution.
- Caraco à la francaise in 1786.
- The Evolution of Modern Feminine Fashion 1786.
- Fashion in Paris and London, 1780 to 1788.
- Historic hairstyles from Ancient times to the Empire.
- The Corset and the Crinolin from Remote Periods to the Present Time.
- Lace History. Reference List of Italian Laces.
- Collection of antique fabric design.
Alexander McQueen: Savage Beauty by Andrew Bolton, Sølve Sundsbø.
Chanel: The Complete Collections of spectacular clothes by Patrick Mauriès.
Tom Ford. 21st century glamour of style and sensuality by Tom Ford, Bridget Foley.