Category Archives: Afghanistan

Shuja Shah Durrani as Emir of Afghanistan

Emir of Afghanistan. Afghan traditional costumes.

Shuja Shah Durrani in the Bala Hissar (fort) of Kabul.

Shuja Shah Durrani as Emir of Afghanistan in the Bala Hissar (fort) of Kabul.

Shauh Shujau ool Moolk (the brave King of the Universe), was a younger son of Timoor, and grandson of Ahmed Shauh. He was a younger brother of Shauh Zemaun, who defeated his brother Humauyoon, entitled by seniority to the throne, and blinding him, made himself King. Zemaun was in his turn seized by his half-brother Mahmood, who pierced his eyes with a lancet in the grove of trees at Jugdelluk, and confined him in the Balla Hissaur of Caubul. Shauh Mahmood was dethroned by his half-brother Shujau, who spared his eyes, but imprisoned him in the Balla Hissaur. The Shauh Shujau in his turn lost his crown. After several vain attempts to recover it, he fled; was recalled by a Baurukzye noble, but again forfeited it by an ill-timed display of extreme vanity. His brother Eyoob (job) was made king in his stead, and was dispossessed of his kingdom by Dost Mahommed, who was dethroned by the British to make room for the thrice-rejected and un-popular Shauh Shujau, who at length fell, the victim of assassination, during the Caubul insurrection. His sons Futteh Jung and Shavhpoor reigned for a few days in succession, but were driven from the country to seek refuge at the hostile court of Lahore, whereupon the Afghaun Cromwell resumed the reins of government, and still continues to hold them.

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Dost Mohammad Khan. Ruler of Afghanistan.

Dost Mohammad Khan. King of Kabul. Character and costumes of Afghanistan.

Dost Mohammad Khan 1793 – 1863 by James Rattray

Dost Mahommed King of Caubul and his youngest son by James Rattray (1848)

Dost Mohammed (Moghul Khan) 1793-1863 was from 1826 to 1840 and from 1843 until his death, ruler of Afghanistan. He was the founder of the Barakzai dynasty.

My presentation to this celebrated personage took place in camp at Peshawur, January 5th, 1841, when he was on his way to Calcutta as a prisoner of state. I found the ex-Ameer of Caubul seated on the carpet of his tent, eating sugar-cane, with two of his youngest sons, and surrounded by his chiefs and relations. He received me most courteously, and returning my salutation ” Ai Alaikoom Assalaum ” (And unto you be peace), in a deep tone of voice, assigned me a place opposite himself on his carpet. His head-dress consisted of an Afghaun skull cap, with an immense dark Cashmere shawl loosely twisted round it. A second, wound round his waist, supporting his heavy peishkubs (dagger), formed his kummerbund, or girdle. He wore a loose red silken shirt, and over it a long striped tunic of chintz, called ulkhauluk, edged with gold, and ornamented on the sleeves and breast with rows of loops and buttons of the same material. His socks were of shawl pattern, and over his shoulders hung his wide-sleeved buff cloak of camel hair (oormuk). Continue reading