Celtic Ornaments of Anglo-Saxon and Irish Manuscripts.


Auguste Racinet, Celtic, Anglo-Saxon Ornaments, Irish, Manuscripts,
Celtic Ornaments.

Celtic Ornaments. Miniatures and Ornaments of Anglo-Saxon and Irish Manuscripts.

Plate XXXVIII.

MIDDLE AGES.

SEVENTH, EIGHTH, AND NINTH CENTURIES.

CELTIC ORNAMENTS.

CELTIC is the name generally given to this style by those who have studied it most recently, but it is often called Anglo-Saxon. Some critics have decided that it is a mixture of the Scandinavian and Byzantine styles, but it is considered by others, especially by J. 0. Westwood (see The Grammar of Ornament, by Owen Jones), as indigenous to the British Isles and the unassisted production of their primitive inhabitants. As essential characteristics of this style in its earliest period, the same writer mentions: first, the absence of all imitations of foliage or plants; secondly, the almost exclusive use of simple geometrical figures, interlacings of ribbons, diagonal or spiral lines, etc.

The thirty-three examples in the accompanying plate belong to this style. They are taken from the following documents:

SEVENTH CENTURY.

Nos. 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 25, 28, 29, 30.— The Gospels, or Book of Durrow. (Trinity College, Dublin.)
Symbols of the Evangelists and ornamental pages.

Nos. 4. 33. — Frontispiece of the Gospels of Saint Mark and Saint Luke, from the same.

No. 26. — The Lindisfarne Gospels. Ornamental page.

Nos. 22, 31. — Gospel of Saint Luke. (British Museum.) Frontispiece.

EIGHTH CENTURY.

No. 18. — Commentaries on the Psalms by Cassiodorus “manu Bedae.” (Library of Durham Cathedral.) David Conquering.

Nos. 8, 24. — The Royal Psalmist, from the same.

Nos. 2, 14. — The Gospel of Saint Matthew, with the symbols of the Evangelists. (Library of the Convent of Saint-Gall.)

NINTH CENTURY.

No. 6. — Latin Gospel. (Library of Saint-Gall.) Ornamental page, and the Transfiguration.

No. 10. — Manuscript in the same Library. The Crucifixion.

No. 27. — Psalter at St. John’s Coll., Cambridge. Victory of David over Goliath, and over the Lion, and Commencement of Psalms 1 and 102.

The other, and less important subjects (Nos. 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 23, 32) are taken from Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, the Library of the Convent of Saint-Gall, and the Library of Trinity College, Dublin.

Those who desire to make a thorough study of this particular branch of art will find all the above subjects fully described by J. O. Westwood in his great work, Facsimiles of the Miniatures and Ornaments of Anglo-Saxon and Irish Manuscripts, from which they have been extracted.

Source: Polychromatic ornament by Auguste Racinet. London, H. Sotheran and Co., 1877.

Leave a Reply


Auguste Racinet. The Costume History by Françoise Tétart-Vittu.

Racinet's Costume History is an invaluable reference for students, designers, artists, illustrators, and historians; and a rich source of inspiration for anyone with an interest in clothing and style. Originally published in France between 1876 and 1888, Auguste Racinet’s Le Costume historique was in its day the most wide-ranging and incisive study of clothing ever attempted.

Covering the world history of costume, dress, and style from antiquity through to the end of the 19th century, the six volume work remains completely unique in its scope and detail. “Some books just scream out to be bought; this is one of them.” ― Vogue.com

The Fabric of Civilization: How Textiles Made the World Paperback – December 7, 2021
by Virginia Postrel (Author)

From Neanderthal string to 3D knitting, an “expansive” global history that highlights “how textiles truly changed the world” (Wall Street Journal)


FASHIONPEDIA
Fashionpedia - The Visual Dictionary Of Fashion Design

Fashionpedia - The Visual Dictionary Of Fashion Design

FASHIONPEDIA is a visual fashion dictionary covering all the technical terms from style to material to production with illustrations and infographics. It encompasses rich, extensive information and yet is easy to read. Whether you are an industry insider or a fashion connoisseur, FASHIONPEDIA is all you will ever need to navigate the fashion scene.


Textilepedia. The Complete Fabric Guide.

The Textile Manual is an encyclopaedia of textile information, from material to yarn, from fabric structure to the finishing process. Encompassing practical tips for a range of textiles and detailed visuals, this ultra-accessible manual is the perfect companion for fashion aficionados and aspiring fashion designers.