The Capitan Pasha “Captain of the Sea”. Admiral of the Ottoman Empire navy.
Kaptan Pasha (Ottoman قاپودان پاشا; also Kaptanpaşa / کاپیتان پاشا; Kapudan i Derya / قاپودان دریا Kaptan-i Derya / کاپیتان دریا) was the highest military rank of the Ottoman Navy.
THIS officer is the high-admiral, and has the supreme command of the Turkish navy. Until the appointment of the present officer, their marine was in a most wretched state from the end of the war with Russia, but has lately been very much improved. Europeans superintend the building of ships.
The Capitan Pasha goes every spring into the Archipelago to receive the capitation-tax from the different islands, and to free the sea from pirates, but as it always is on a fixed day, the latter part is quite useless. The present High Admiral enjoys the unbounded confidence of the Sultan, whose slave he originally was. His authority and power are very extensive, as he has the appointment of every thing relative to the navy and arsenals. And under his management the Turkish navy has been very much improved.
The Turks, however, dislike the seaservice, and therefore as many Greeks as they can get are employed, who indeed make better sailors.