Jewish traditional clothing in Germany, 18th c.

Jewish, Costumes, 17th, Tappest, Ephod, Baroque, fashion, history

Jewish traditional costumes in 1700

Jewish traditional clothing in Nuremberg 1710.

German Baroque Period.

In the clothing of the Jewish population of Nuremberg was in the early 18th Century the traditional caftan out of sight. Instead a jacket worn in the style of the french Justaucorps, with its huge cuffs was. But the overcoat did not belong to of the then fashion, it was an un belted overhang after the pattern of the late medieval “Tappest” that was worn open at both ends.

Approach, he repeated the same pattern that was already centuries before peculiar to the Heidelberg Jews, and looked even more than this, like the old testamental “shoulder gown”, the “ephod”. That it has served as the official dress, can not be assumed, otherwise it would have been certainly not afflicted on his chest piece with the Jewish character. This character, otherwise a yellow ring was here a red heart, red was also the big folds-barett and probably also prescribed in this color. A consistent characteristic of the Jews was the beard, and no one else was wearing a beard at the time, not even the farmer. The Jewish population contributed to this period the hair long, as it was also customary in the peasant population. In the urban population, it was common practice to wear wigs at that time.

Jews who came from outside the city were forced to wear a hood or cowl instead of Barettes. Also had to go after them a woman in the rain cloth at every turn, while the harassed had to pay the unsolicited service itself.

Note:  George Digby, Earl of Bristol in 1677. English politician.

The clothes, which denote the Nuremberg Jewish woman, passed in a long black coat with a collar-like cut from fabrics and a curly black forehead hood with yellow edging and red lining. Otherwise the forehead hood was black only exceptionally. The jacket had a nearly circular cut, as a result he joined the neck well, more or less smooth fell over her shoulders and only downward passed into folds. The great millstone ruff, closely ribbed or placed in large flattened tube folds shared the Jewish with the Christian wardrobe.

Credit: Friedrich Hottenroth 1898.

Leave a Reply

The American Duchess Guide to 18th Century Beauty: 40 Projects for Period-Accurate Hairstyles, Makeup and Accessories by Lauren Stowell & Abby Cox.

Seventeenth and Eighteenth-Century Fashion in Detail by Avril Hart & Susan North. From cut and construction to fabric and trimmings.

Auguste Racinet. The Costume History by Françoise Tétart-Vittu.

Racinet's Costume History is an invaluable reference for students, designers, artists, illustrators, and historians; and a rich source of inspiration for anyone with an interest in clothing and style. Originally published in France between 1876 and 1888, Auguste Racinet’s Le Costume historique was in its day the most wide-ranging and incisive study of clothing ever attempted.

Covering the world history of costume, dress, and style from antiquity through to the end of the 19th century, the six volume work remains completely unique in its scope and detail. “Some books just scream out to be bought; this is one of them.” ―

The Fabric of Civilization: How Textiles Made the World Paperback – December 7, 2021
by Virginia Postrel (Author)

From Neanderthal string to 3D knitting, an “expansive” global history that highlights “how textiles truly changed the world” (Wall Street Journal)

Fashionpedia - The Visual Dictionary Of Fashion Design

Fashionpedia - The Visual Dictionary Of Fashion Design

FASHIONPEDIA is a visual fashion dictionary covering all the technical terms from style to material to production with illustrations and infographics. It encompasses rich, extensive information and yet is easy to read. Whether you are an industry insider or a fashion connoisseur, FASHIONPEDIA is all you will ever need to navigate the fashion scene.

Textilepedia. The Complete Fabric Guide.

The Textile Manual is an encyclopaedia of textile information, from material to yarn, from fabric structure to the finishing process. Encompassing practical tips for a range of textiles and detailed visuals, this ultra-accessible manual is the perfect companion for fashion aficionados and aspiring fashion designers.


Couture: then and now Clothes define people. A person's clothing, whether it's a sari, kimono, or business suit, is an essential key to his or her culture, class, personality, or even religion. The Kyoto Costume Institute recognizes the importance of understanding clothing sociologically, historically, and artistically.