Tag Archives: Millstone ruffs

Portrait of Lavinia Biglia by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz.

Baroque court dress. Elizabethan collar. Lady With the Ruff. 16th century fashion. Countess Pallavicino, Lavinia Biglia.

Portrait of Lavinia Biglia by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz.

Portrait of Lavinia Biglia by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz.

Portrait of a lady of the Pallavicini family. From the painting by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz 1553-1608. Elizabethan court dress. Queen Elizabeth Style of about 1530-1600 a special form of the so-called Tudor style (Renaissance costume period). Lavinia Biglia (Maid of honor of Spanish Queen Anne of Austria 1549-1580) was descended from the Milan branch of the ancient noble family of the Pallavicini. The Pallavicini are an ancient aristocratic family from Italy whose oldest line dates back to the 10th century. It was founded by originating from Germany Count Adalbert (Lineage adalbertino obertenga  which were also part of the Marquis of Massa, Corsica, Parodi, Lupis and Gavi.), whose wife, Adelhaid was related to the Roman emperors. Adalbert went to Italy, accompanied by the Emperor Otto II., Where he was settled in the valley of the Po, between Piacenza and Cremona in 981. The first Pallavicino fief was created by Oberto II, who received it from emperor Frederick Barbarossa in 1162. Albert the son of the Marquis Oberto I was called “Pelavicino” (perhaps not even joking nickname in reference to his rapacity). This nickname was hereinafter inherited by his descendants, becoming the surname of the family in the form Pallavicino (or Pallavicini). The grandson William, who died in 1217, was the progenitor of all the notes of the branch so-called ‘Lombardo’, which emerged from grandchildren Oberto II,. The Pallavicini family spread as time goes on, and reached Bavaria, Austria (Czech Republic) and Hungary.

Portrait of Claudia of Etruria 17th century

Claudia of Etruria. Claudia de' Medici, Baroque clothing Spanish fashion. Nobility court dress. барокко костюм

Claudia of Etruria (Claudia de’ Medici)

Portrait of Claudia of Etruria * 1604 -1648.

Claudia of Etruria was the daughter of Ferdinand I., Grand Duke of the same name. She became the wife of Leopold, Archduke of Austria. The costume is extremely remarkable, and the goffered ruff, from the middle of which the head of the Archduchess seems to rise, is a marvellous pièce of needle- work. 17th century baroque period, spanish fashion.

*Claudia de’ Medici daughter of Ferdinando I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Christina of Lorraine.

Swiss doctor in official costume to the Baroque period

Swiss doctor in official costume. Switzerland Baroque costume recherche. 17th century fashion clothing

Swiss doctor in the clothes of 1690

Swiss doctor in official costume to the Baroque period at the end of the 17th century.

He wears a powdered allonge wig, waistcoat, juste corps worn open, buckled shoes, sword. The hat is out of fashion and corresponds to an earlier decade. Rhinegraves pants decorated with ribbons. Lace trim on the shirt sleeves. A large collar, the millstone ruff, leftover of Spanish fashion.

Official costume of a Swiss judge or lawyers.

Official costume of a Swiss judge. Switzerland Baroque fashion costume recherche. 17th century clothing

Swiss lawyer 1680

Official costume of a Swiss judge or lawyers in the Baroque period 17th century.

The man is dressed in a justaucorps (Souquenille), a waistcoat, Rhinegraves pants (vaste rhingrave), buckled shoes, the Spanish collar, on the side a rapier, the sleeves of the shirt are fringed with lace, an allonge wig and tricorn hat.

Related Gallery: Costumes suisses des 22 cantons. Dessinés d’apres nature et lithographiés et coloriées, par Yves Grether.  Paris chez Wild, Èditeur 1860.

Related Gallery: Swiss national costumes from 1896