Autor: Du Monde Souvenirs de Voyages, Paris, L. Boulanger, editeur. 1895
The Tonkin Protectorate was a territory under French protection. The Treaty of Hué, signed in 1884, established in Tonkin – a region corresponding to the north of present-day Vietnam – a political authority distinct from that exercised in the protectorate of Annam: the Vietnamese territory which, after the conquest of Cochinchina, remained under the authority of the Nguyễn dynasty, was henceforth divided in two.
Officially still under the monarchical authority of the Emperor of Annam, Tonkin was quickly managed as a colony, with the resident-general having all the powers. In 1887, Tonkin, like Annam and Cochinchina, was placed under the authority of the Governor General of French Indochina, who was based in Hanoi. Tonkin was called in Vietnamese Bac Kỳ (“Northern Country”), or Bac Bộ (“Northern Region”), the second term being preferred by the nationalists. Its population was estimated at 8 million in 1940.
Racinet's Costume History is an invaluable reference for students, designers, artists, illustrators, and historians; and a rich source of inspiration for anyone with an interest in clothing and style. Originally published in France between 1876 and 1888, Auguste Racinet’s Le Costume historique was in its day the most wide-ranging and incisive study of clothing ever attempted.
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FASHIONPEDIA is a visual fashion dictionary covering all the technical terms from style to material to production with illustrations and infographics. It encompasses rich, extensive information and yet is easy to read. Whether you are an industry insider or a fashion connoisseur, FASHIONPEDIA is all you will ever need to navigate the fashion scene.
The Textile Manual is an encyclopaedia of textile information, from material to yarn, from fabric structure to the finishing process. Encompassing practical tips for a range of textiles and detailed visuals, this ultra-accessible manual is the perfect companion for fashion aficionados and aspiring fashion designers.
Couture: then and now Clothes define people. A person's clothing, whether it's a sari, kimono, or business suit, is an essential key to his or her culture, class, personality, or even religion. The Kyoto Costume Institute recognizes the importance of understanding clothing sociologically, historically, and artistically.