Spanish fashion at the French court in 1570
French court costumes. Second third of the 16th century.
Spanish clothing fashion of the late Renaissance and Spanish Baroque in the period between about 1550 and the Thirty Years War around 1620.
It is the period of the late Renaissance, the Thirty Years’ War, which is characterized by the Counter-Reformation with the beginning of the Spanish Baroque. In view of Spain’s dominance, the cool elegance of Spanish court dress conquered European countries. She described the elegant and light fashion of the Renaissance as extravagant and immoral and proclaimed the modesty and chastity of the Catholic Church.
It is the time of the late Renaissance, the Thirty Years War, marked by the Counter-Reformation, with the beginning of the Spanish baroque. In view of the dominance of Spain captured the cool elegance of the Spanish court dress the European countries. It replaced the elegant and light fashion of the renaissance as dissolute and proclaimed the modesty and chastity of the Catholic Church.
The man is wearing a waist-length jacket which was named after its final form “goose belly”. It was closed by a central row of buttons. It’s padded and formed of beads on the sleeves. The sleeves and the collar was completed by ruffles cuffs. The sleeves are long with fabric ribbons, which look like a throwback to the Burgundian fashion of houppelande. The collars should develop during the era of the Spanish fashion to the so-called millstone ruffs. They strongly restricted the movement and looked like a statement. The carrier or bearer was in the most impossible positions attitude preserved. The pants had a high waist and was padded as well as the jacket and produced a wide hip. He wears buckled shoes and stockings.
The clothes of the woman meets the man’s. A stiff corset bodice with drop waist. The narrow sleeves and collar are also completed by ruffles cuffs. The hairstyle is, given the limited range of motion, carried high. The vertugado skirt is floor length and richly decorated. Forward it will be kept open so that the cone-shaped bottom skirt that was also decorated came forward. The aim of the clothing was the complete concealment of the body. The women wore under the long skirt the Kothurne, the shoes were made of wood or cork.
The church was full of praise for the way these uncomfortable shoes because they prevented the dance and even the physical pleasures were opposed.