Embroideries and decorative objects of the Breton peasants.

Embroideries, Breton, peasants, Brittany, jewlery,
France 19th century. Embroideries and decorative objects of the Breton farmers.



  • Nos. 1 and 3. embroidery of the chupen. (Waistcoat without sleeves) of the Men of Douaruenez, Arrondissement Quimper. The ground of cloth; wool or silk embroidery; black velvet, but more often silk or cloth.
  • No. 2 Braces of the women of Guérande, arrondissement Saint-Nazaire.
  • Nos. 4 and 5. shirt clips for men and women.
  • No. 4 from Sainte-Radegonde, Arrondissement Fontenay-le-Comte; No. 5 with glass beads from Lesneven, Arrondissement Brest; the tassels in wool.
  • No. 6. engraved gold heart and cross: Ribbon in black velvet. Women’s jewellery.
  • No. 7. ring with cross, heart and anchor; women’s jewellery.
  • No. 9 and 12. shirt clips for both sexes; Sainte-Anne-d’Auray, Arrondissement Lorient, Département Morbihan.
    No. 9. pendants with copper plates; No. 12. brass wire, glass beads and wool tassels.
  • Nos. 13 and 15 Cocarden of Sainte-Anne-d’Auray, Morbihan department, as they put the women on the bodice and the men on the hat as a sign of pilgrimage. In the centre, a small mirror surrounded by copper wire and silk threads; the whole on openworked paper.
  • Nos. 14 and 16.
    Safety pins from Plonévez-du-Faou, Arrondissement Châteaulin: the head no. 16 made of lead; no. 14 coloured like enamel. Sometimes glass instead of woollen tuff.
  • No. 18 and 19. brass wire needles; glass beads and wool tassels, Sainte-Anne-d’Auray, Arrondissement Lorient, Morbihan department.
  • No. 21. embroidery of Rokedennou, (waistcoat); Ploaré near Douarnenez, Arrondissement Quimper.
  • No. 22. gouriz, leather belt, with engraved and chased copper plates; the leather is always freshly whitened. – Plonévez-du-Faou, Arrondissement Châteaulin.
  • No. 23. slipper embroidery; Riec-sur-Bélon, Arrondissement Quimper.
  • No. 25. braces from Kerlouan, Département Finistère, Arrondissement Brest.
  • No. 27. embroidery of a Justin; Fouesnant, Arrondissement Quimper.
  • Nos. 28 and 31. embroidery of a Chupen; Riec-sur-Bélon, Arrondissement Quimper.
  • No. 29. Silver or steel cross of the peasant women of Locmaria, Arrondissement Châteaulin.
  • No. 30. Embroidery of the Corquen (men’s waistcoat); Pont-Aven, Arrondissement Quimper.

Antique fibulae. Nos. 8 and 24. bronze fibulae found in the churchyard of Vertus, Épernay district. The antique fibulae are put together for comparison with similar modern jewellery from Breton.

  • No. 10. Fibula from the churchyard in Flavion.
  • No. 11 and 26. fibulae from the tombs of the Marne department.
  • No. 17. Bronze fibula; museum at Vannes.
  • No. 20. fibula found in Sérancourt, Bourges area.

Originals communicated by Mr Henri de Cleuziou.

Source: History of the costume in chronological development by Auguste Racinet. Edited by Adolf Rosenberg. Berlin 1888.



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