QUIETNESS and peace were not among the most prominent characteristics of those ages, in which, unfettered by the sage power of judicious and efficient laws, people were taught to seek justice rather by their own strength, than by the intermediation of others. At that period, the songs which sounded most musical to the ears of the iron-cased barons were the romances that told of hard blows and doughty adventures, and the pictures most beautiful to their eyes were such as those which we here give in ouer plate.
DRESSES of ceremony for solemn occasions, particularly with persons in exalted stations, suffer fewer changes in the course of time, than those in common use. Our plate represents a king- of the latter end of the twelfth century, dressed in his robes of state; but we may probably take it as a good example of the regal costume during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
The Lady of the English on her visit to Winchester on 3rd March 1141. Matilda was given a formal welcome to Winchester and handed the keys to the treasury. Empress Matilda (also Empress Maude 1102 – 1167) was the first female regent of the kingdom of England, but was not crowned.
The Saxon Head-gear.— Banded Phrygian cap. Cloak.— Of blue cloth embroidered. Tunica.— Green cloth embroidered. Stockings.— Red cloth cross-gartered yellow. (Photographed direct from examples used in the Author’s lecture upon Mediaeval Costumes and Head-dresses.