The Roman Paenula. The cowl or hood.

How the Roman Paenula was worn. The cowl or hood. Ancient roman travelling cloak.

How the Paenula was worn

The Roman Paenula.

The cowl or hood. Ancient roman travelling cloak.

The Paenula was a bell-shaped garment, worn in inclement weather. In most cases it was closed all round, but occasionally it was left open down the front. When it was closed all round it had to be lifted at the sides in order to allow free movement of the arms.

Roman Paenula Pattern. The cowl or hood. Ancient roman travelling cloak. Poncho.

Roman Paenula. The cowl or hood.

As a rule it had a hood attached to it. (1) It had an opening at the breast which was fastened at the top with a pin. The hood was joined to the garment round the neck, and the flaps were probably sewn down to the edges of the breast opening. The paenula was usually made of tightly woven, rough woollen stuff, but sometimes of soft leather.

1 – There were numerous small variations in the cut of the paenula. Occasionally it had no hood. Sometimes it was the same length all round, sometimes it was shortened at the sides. The back sometimes ran down to a point, and sometimes this point was rounded off, and so on.
Related:
(Ancient Egypt, Minoan, Assyria, Roman, Levante fashion history)




  1. Assyrian and Babylonian culture and fashion.
  2. Egyptian costume history.
  3. Minoan costume history.
  4. The Amazons.
  5. Ancient Roman costume history. B.C. 53 to A.D. 450..
  6. Ancient Costumes of the Persians and other Asiatics.
  7. Ancient Costume History of Egyptian, Greek, Roman and others.
  8. The Roman Tunica or Greek Chiton.
  9. The Toga and the manner of wearing it.
  10. The Gallic and Gallo-Roman costume period.
  11. The shields of the Gauls. Clans in the Roman Empire.
  12. The Barbarian Invasions. The Migration Period in Europe, 395-527 A. D.
  13. Roman legionary in full armor.
  14. Roman Britain. Maps, Places, Tribes. Historical atlas.
  15. Celt and Roman. History of England 43 BC to 440 AD.
  16. Gallic and Gallo-Roman helmets of Celtic warriors.
  17. The Roman Paenula. The cowl or hood.
  18. Roman, Greece and Egypt. The Corset and the Crinolin fashion history.
  19. Frankish Merovingian costume history. 4th and 5th century.
  20. Byzantine costume history. 5th to 6th century.
  21. The Carolingian fashion period 752-987. Reign of Charlemagne.
  22. The Carolingian Fashion Period 987 to 1270.
  23. Europe in the time of Charles the Great 768 – 814. Maps and Places.
  24. Alfred the Great. The first English king.
  25. King Harold II. Last Anglo-Saxon king of England.
  26. Monachism. Monastic costumes history.

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