Earliest times of the Carolingian period. Variety of costume. Women in the twelfth century. Emblazoned gowns. The bliaud. Pelisses. The cotte-hardie.
The Mufti of Istanbul or Chief of the Religion. Ottoman Empire.
The different orders of Dervishes (Sufi) originated in the two sects of Ebu Bekir and of Ali. Their followers took the name of Dervishes, a Persian word, which means the sill or threshold of a door.