Polish Costumes in the Middle Ages. Typical and historical figures.

Clothing, costume, dress, Poland, fashion, middle ages,

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
8, 9, 10, 11, 12,



Peasant and peasant’s wife, noblemen, citizens, Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, Casimir the Great, Hedwig of Anjou, Wladislaw Jagello, Wladislaw, Duke of Opole.

Nos. 1 and 2 – Peasant and peasant woman from the surroundings of Krakow in working clothes. After a painting from the 14th century in Krakow Cathedral.

No. 3 – Nobleman of the second half of the 14th century. According to a Czech chronicle in Pulkawa.
No. 4 – Nobleman of the same time. After a painting in the cathedral of Krakow.
No. 5 and 6 – Citizen and nobleman. 1333-1434. After a painting in the cathedral of Krakow.
No. 7 – Peasant from the Masovian Palatinate.
No. 8 – Grand Master of the German Order.
No. 9 – Casimir the Great, King of Poland died 1370, the last of the Piast dynasty. After the statue of his tomb in Krakow Cathedral.
No. 10 – Hedwig of Anjou, Queen of Poland 1384, wife of Wladislaw Jagello, Grand Duke of Lithuania. After an impression of a seal.
No. 11 – Wladislaw Jagello, Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland, died 1434, after his tomb statue in Krakow Cathedral.
No. 12 – Wladislaw, Duke of Opole, Palatine of Hungary, from the dynasty of the Plasts. After a seal impression from the year 1378. Princely armour of occidental origin.

According to Matejko, Ubiory Polsce (Polish Costumes) 1200-1795. Krakow 1860 (2nd ed. 1875).

Source: History of Costume in Chronological Development by Auguste Racinet. Edited by Adolf Rosenberg. Berlin 1888.



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Auguste Racinet. The Costume History by Françoise Tétart-Vittu.

Racinet's Costume History is an invaluable reference for students, designers, artists, illustrators, and historians; and a rich source of inspiration for anyone with an interest in clothing and style. Originally published in France between 1876 and 1888, Auguste Racinet’s Le Costume historique was in its day the most wide-ranging and incisive study of clothing ever attempted.

Covering the world history of costume, dress, and style from antiquity through to the end of the 19th century, the six volume work remains completely unique in its scope and detail. “Some books just scream out to be bought; this is one of them.” ― Vogue.com