Vietnam Soldier costume in 1843. Cohinchinois military.

Vietnam, Soldier, costume, Cohinchinois, Traditional, Vietnamese, warrior, clothing, Asian dress,
Soldier Vietnam (Cohinchinois)

Vietnam Soldier costume 1843.

Soldat Cohinchinois.

Cochinchina, French Cochinchine, Vietnamese Nam Kỳ (from Chinese 南圻, “southern border”) is an old name for southern Vietnam and parts of eastern Cambodia, between 1863 and 1954 especially for the French colony of that name. The term was introduced by the Portuguese Tomé Pires in 1515 as Cauchy Chyna. Pires, who was staying in Malacca at the time, adopted the term from Malay, where it described a land between Champa and China.

The Malay term in turn came from the Chinese Jiaozhi (Chinese 交趾, Pinyin Jiāozhǐ, Vietnamese: Giao Chỉ), which referred to all of Vietnam including the lower reaches and delta of the Red River. China was added to distinguish it from the Indian Cochin. However, the reversed form Chinacochim appears on Genoese maps as early as 1502/3, before Europeans sailed the South China Sea and thus Malacca.

Later, in the 16th century, it was used to refer to the separate Nguyễn state around the city of Huế, which became general European usage in 1679, with the establishment of the Apostolic Vicariate of Cochinchina. Thus, from the 17th century onward, a distinction was made between Tongking in the north and Cochinchina in the south. The more southern part around Gia Định (united with Saigon to form Ho Chi Minh City in 1979) and Đồng Nai was then called Lower Cochinchina only in the late 18th century.

In 1862, the French annexed Cochinchina as a colonial territory. The center and north became French protectorate territories as Annam and Tongking under the nominal rule of the Emperor of Huế.

Note:  Noble Burmese woman costume.

Since the end of French colonial rule over Indochina in 1954, the name Cochinchina has been used less and less frequently and is now out of use. The current name for the southern part of Vietnam is Nam Bộ.

Source: Asian costumes by Auguste Wahlen. Manners, customs and costumes of all peoples of the world.


Leave a Reply

Auguste Racinet. The Costume History by Françoise Tétart-Vittu.

Racinet's Costume History is an invaluable reference for students, designers, artists, illustrators, and historians; and a rich source of inspiration for anyone with an interest in clothing and style. Originally published in France between 1876 and 1888, Auguste Racinet’s Le Costume historique was in its day the most wide-ranging and incisive study of clothing ever attempted.

Covering the world history of costume, dress, and style from antiquity through to the end of the 19th century, the six volume work remains completely unique in its scope and detail. “Some books just scream out to be bought; this is one of them.” ―

The Fabric of Civilization: How Textiles Made the World Paperback – December 7, 2021
by Virginia Postrel (Author)

From Neanderthal string to 3D knitting, an “expansive” global history that highlights “how textiles truly changed the world” (Wall Street Journal)

Fashionpedia - The Visual Dictionary Of Fashion Design

Fashionpedia - The Visual Dictionary Of Fashion Design

FASHIONPEDIA is a visual fashion dictionary covering all the technical terms from style to material to production with illustrations and infographics. It encompasses rich, extensive information and yet is easy to read. Whether you are an industry insider or a fashion connoisseur, FASHIONPEDIA is all you will ever need to navigate the fashion scene.

Textilepedia. The Complete Fabric Guide.

The Textile Manual is an encyclopaedia of textile information, from material to yarn, from fabric structure to the finishing process. Encompassing practical tips for a range of textiles and detailed visuals, this ultra-accessible manual is the perfect companion for fashion aficionados and aspiring fashion designers.


Couture: then and now Clothes define people. A person's clothing, whether it's a sari, kimono, or business suit, is an essential key to his or her culture, class, personality, or even religion. The Kyoto Costume Institute recognizes the importance of understanding clothing sociologically, historically, and artistically.