Auguste Racinet. The Costume History Hardcover – Illustrated, November 4, 2015
by Françoise Tétart-Vittu (Author)

Racinet's Costume History is an invaluable reference for students, designers, artists, illustrators, and historians; and a rich source of inspiration for anyone with an interest in clothing and style.

High dignitaries of the Mughal Empire. India, 17th century.

Murad Bakhsh, prince, India, dignitaries, Mughal Empire, Auguste Racinet
India. High dignitaries of the Mughal Empire. 17th c.

1, 3,


No. 1. Murad Bakhsh, Imperial Prince, son of Shah Jahan and brother of the Grand Mogul Aurangzeb, 17th century. The right hand on the khuttar, the left hand on the crooked sabre with red velvet scabbard. The turban is held together by a gold band around which a string of precious stones and pearls is wound. Agraffe with plume. Necklaces and bracelets of pearls. Skirt made of silk or precious calico, as it is manufactured in Java. A handkerchief can be seen from the crossing of this skirt over the chest. The trousers, puyjamas, made of silk, cloth or satin, fall in narrow pleats down to the ankle. The naked foot is in slippers with the lace folded over.

Aurangzeb, Emperor, Shah, Jehan, India, Mughal,
The Emperor Shah Jehan, (died 1658), and his son and successor Aurangzeb, (died 1707). Facsimile of contemporary portrait.

No 2. Indian prince, governor of the Grand Mogul. White turban; cloak of honour, Kwrta; pleated in antique style. In the cashmere belt with falling ends, the Khuttar.

The Fabric of Civilization: How Textiles Made the World Paperback – December 7, 2021
by Virginia Postrel (Author)

From Neanderthal string to 3D knitting, an “expansive” global history that highlights “how textiles truly changed the world” (Wall Street Journal)

No. 3. Ruler of Delhi. Turban in gold brocade with heron bush with diamonds at the ends. Double necklace of pearls with rubies and emeralds. Bracelets on wrist and upper arm. Yellow skirt with knitted flowers, held together by a cashmere belt with a dagger inside. The hand rests on the Kwnda, a straight sword. Button and handle richly enamelled.

After original paintings from the library of Ambroise Firmin-Didot.

Cf. Ferrario. Le Costume ancien et moderne. – Penguilly l’Haridon, Catalogue des collections composant le Musée d’artillerie, Paris, 1862.