History of costumes. From Ancient until 19th c.


18th century Baroque fashion. On the history of costumes. Münchener Bilderbogen

Baroque costumes, 18th century. Münchener Bilderbogen.

On the history of costumes. “Münchener Bilderbogen”.


This famous costume pictures were published in weekly editions in the years between 1858 and 1898. The title was: Munich pictures sheet (Münchener Bilderbogen), the history of costumes. Edited and published by Kaspar Braun &  Friedrich Schneider in Munich.
A total of 125 sheets appeared with each 4 costume pictures from the different fashion eras. The people and their costumes were often presented in scenic stagings. The images appeared as black and white or colored woodcut and served next to the function as teaching images for the lower and middle classes of society as a wall decoration.

It started with the peoples of antiquity, Egyptians, Medes, Greece, Rome, the Middle Ages, Renaissance and modern times. The illustration of the costumes is one of the best ever created. The drawings are shown a maximum of detail and lifelike reproduction. The costume images were later bound as books and republished. The performing artists were William Dietz, Count Franz von Poch, Carl Appold, Wilhelm Busch, Lothar Meggendorfer, Anton Kraus, Moritz von Schwind, Edward Illke to name just a few of more than hundred artists.
Accordingly, the costume templates are ideal for an introductory-style search. What we call today the fast changing fashion, consisted of mankind in earlier decades, in larger time intervals. The level of detail in the context of costume eras is extremely high. For example, the now-forgotten flea fur, unthinkable today. During the Middle Ages in the face of rudimentary hygiene, an indispensable fashion accessory. Used by the citizen up to the queen. Also faith is reflected in the details again, for example in the form of amulets that were worn as jewelry or necklaces.

The origin of this costume pictures goes back among other things, to the collection of Franz von Lipperheide † 30. Juli 1906. Born 1813 in Berlebung Germany, he learned the trade of bookseller, then became publisher and editor of the fashion magazine “Fashion World”. Many well-known artists made on his behalf to special costume drawings, which were then published among others also in Munich pictures sheet. He also founded a now-famous costume library, which was later transferred to the Museum of Applied Arts. It is today the world’s biggest collection on the cultural history of clothing and fashion. It is constantly expanded through donations and acquisitions, shows every year one or more exhibitions,  and is publicly available.

The collection for „Costume Science” in 1896 had a population of 686 oil paintings, 200 miniature portraits, 2750 drawings, 23,750 printing and reproduction graphics, 2580 photographs,  5560 monographs, 840 almanacs and 2185 magazines. 1990 is the holdings of the costume library 31,800 monographs and journals, 167 albums with drawings, 81 albums with photographs, approximately 100,000 leaf graphic, 8000 drawings and 36,000 fashion photographs. (Source Wikipedia)

Ancient costumes: Rome, Greeks, Assyrians, Medes, Jewish and Persians.

Description Costume Plates Ancient:

Early Middle Ages: Byzantine, Carolingian, Christians, Arabian, Frankish.

Description Costume History Early Middle Ages 4th to 10th centuries

Costumes 11th – 14th century.

Description Costume history eleventh to fourteenth century.

Costumes 15th – 16th Century.

Description Costume History XV and XVI century.

Costumes 16th – 17th Century.

Description Costume History XVI. and XVII. century.

Costumes 17th – 18th Century.

Description Costume History XVII. and XVIII century.

Costumes 18th – 19th Century.

Description Costume History XVIII and XIX century.

(Ancient Egypt, Greek, Minoan, Mesopotamia, Roman, British, Levante fashion history)

Ancient Byzantine silk fabrics, VI-VII. Century.
Ancient Byzantine silk fabrics, VI-VII. Century.a) silk. Basic yellow. Pattern opposite, whit... Read more
6th Century • Ancient • Byzantine • Fabric
Byzantine fashion era
Assyrian, Egyptians and Medes costumes in pre-Christian times.
Assyrian, Egyptians and Medes Costumes in pre-Christian times.Top row left: Dress of the Assyria... Read more
Ancient • Egypt • Middle East • Nobility
Ancient Assyrian clothing • Ancient Egypt clothing • Ancient Military
Septimus Severus in Paludamentum and Circular Fibula
Roman emperor Septimus Severus (146 - 211) in Paludamentum and circular fibula.A Bust of the ... Read more
Accessoires • Ancient • Military • Nobility • Roman
Ancient Roman Costumes • Ancient sculpture
Pallas Athena of Phidias
Athena of PhidiasPallas Athene (Minerva) wearing the aegis with the Gorgon's head on her breast;... Read more
Ancient • Greece • Headdresses
Ancient Greek Costumes • Ancient Greek helmets • Thomas Hobe
Medes king and nobility. Offizer and Soldiers dresses.
Ancient Medes King, soldiers and officers costumes. Read more
Ancient • Asia • Headdresses • Middle East • Military • Nobility
Ancient Medes costumes • Ancient Military
Sphinx. Ancient Greek mythology.
A Sphinx.The Sphinx was considered a demon of destruction and doom. The figure of a Sphinx (1... Read more
Ancient • Greece • Mythology
Ancient sculpture
Ancient Theatre Masks. The masks of Tragedy and Comedy.
Roman Theatre Masks. Tragic and grotesque Mask.A hallmark of the tragic and grotesque theater ... Read more
Ancient • Greece • Roman
Mask • Theatre
The shields of the Gauls. Clans in the Roman Empire.
Shield of Gallic, British, German and Iberian auxiliary Regiments. Clans in the Roman Empire. The... Read more
Ancient • Celts • England • Gauls • Scotland
English history • Historical Gaul costumes • Weapons

Examples of Franz of Lipperheide published costumes.

Friedrich Hottenroth 1840-1917 was a German national customs and traditions researcher, lithographer, painter and author. He illustrated his costume descriptions itself.  For this he went with his drawing utensils on longer walks through the villages. In his books, he points to the problem of how hard it is for him to find original models in the villages. He died penniless in a home for destitute artists.

Le Costume historique by Auguste Racinet was originally published in France 1876-1888 and was regarded as the biggest and best study of clothing that had ever been written. He presented the history of clothing and style from antiquity to the end of the 19th Century – from the clothes of the ancient Etruscans on the costume of the Inuit to the French Haute Couture 19th Century.